Viticulture in antiquity
Viticulture was introduced in Languedoc by the Greeks, who founded the port city of Agathe Tyche (now the city of Agde) around 550 BC. Following the conquest by the Romans around 118 BC, viticulture in Languedoc (Province of Gallia Narbonensis at the time) spread widely. One can find even today traces of Roman villas and viticulture in the region of Faugères.
The viticulture in the Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages agriculture in the region of Faugères was mixed, consisting of cereal crops and pulses, horticulture, viticulture, orchards and olive groves, and goat and sheep livestock in the close Cevennes mountains. Viticulture was very much encouraged by the monasteries in the area. In the Middle Ages, the village of Faugères was called "Falgarias" and later "Faugièiras", which in the then spoken Occitan language means "fern". During the religious wars of the 16th and 17th centuries, Faugères was a walled city of the Huguenots.
The viticulture in the 19th century
With the advent of railroads in the late 19th century, the Languedoc-Roussillon region became the largest wine region in France, which provided inexpensive wines to the growing urban populations of northern Europe. Wine production then moved mainly to the plains - which were devoted to crops for more than 2000 years - whose soils are much more fertile. The vineyards of the hilly and mountainous areas were mostly given up. In the 19th century the distilled "Fine de Faugères" became quite famous.
A new generation of winemakers
During the 80s things started to change. Faugères became the first AOC in Languedoc, getting the AOC Faugères in 1981. It comprises six villages: Autignac, Cabrerolles, Caussigniouls, Fos, Faugères, Laurens and Rocquesells, and includes a small area of 1800 hectares of vineyards in total. Since the 90s a continuous change has been happening in Languedoc, and a young generation of winemakers, partly international, are creating a growing number of fine wines now. Faugères is emblematic of this metamorphosis.
In our opinion this development is still in its infancy and the tremendous potential offered by the climate and geology of Languedoc has still lots of explorations in the way.